Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

is the independent, international organization that helps businesses and other organizations take responsibility for their impacts, by providing the world’s most widely used standards for sustainability reporting – the GRI Standards.

Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB)

– reporting standards that guide the disclosure of financially material sustainability information by companies to their investors. Available for 77 industries, the Standards identify the subset of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues most relevant to financial performance in each industry.

SASB Materiality Map

visually reveals how 26 general sustainability issues manifest across 77 industries.

Common Metrics for Stakeholder Capitalism

form a set of 21 core and 34 expanded metrics developed by World Economic Forum’s International Business Council in collaboration with Deloitte, EY, KPMG and PwC.

Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)

is an initiative of the Financial Stability Board (FSB) created to develop recommendations on the types of information that companies should disclose to support investors, lenders, and insurance underwriters in appropriately assessing and pricing a specific set of risks—risks related to climate change.

Climate Disclosure Project (CDP)

is a global disclosure system for investors, companies, cities, states and regions to manage their environmental impacts. The world’s economy looks to CDP as the gold standard of environmental reporting with the richest and most comprehensive dataset on corporate and city action.


ICMA Green Bonds Principles

CMA Green Loan Principles

ICMA Sustainability-Linked Bond Principles


a classification system, establishing a list of environmentally sustainable economic activities. The EU taxonomy provides companies, investors and policymakers with appropriate definitions for which economic activities can be considered environmentally sustainable. The objective is protecting private investors from greenwashing, mitigating market fragmentation and helping to shift investments where they are most needed.

by the European Banking Supervision assesses how well banks are able to cope with financial and economic shocks. Stress test results help supervisors identify banks’ vulnerabilities and address them early on in the supervisory dialogue with banks.

is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum. The report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year. The report also explores the interconnectedness of risks, and considers how the strategies for the mitigation of global risks might be structured. Many of the risks are fall under ESG agenda.

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